Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement Requirements
The editorial board, institutional partners and the publisher of Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy implement the publication ethics and malpractice guidelines that are based on existing Elsevier policies and the guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
Faculty of Economic Sciences and Management, Nicolaus Copernicus University is an institution registered in Polish National Library as responsible for merit content of the journal. Polish Economic Society is an institutional partner of the journal. Institute of Economic Research (Toruń, Poland) is a publisher of Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy. As stakeholders of the publishing process, we recognize ethical responsibilities of all parties of the publication process. Thus, we take our duties of guardianship over all stages of publishing very seriously and we recognize our ethical duties and other responsibilities.
The journal offers access to the contents in the open access system on the principles of non-exclusive license Creative Commons (CC BY 4.0).
The journal content is indexed in Similarity Check, the CrossRef initiative to prevent scholarly and professional plagiarism.
Duties and responsibilities of editors
The members of the Editorial and Scientific Boards of Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy are recognized experts in their fields. Their full names and affiliations are provided on the journal’s Web site in the section Editorial and Scientific Board. The contact information for the editorial office is provided on the journal’s Web site in the section Contact.
The editor is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. The validation of the work in question and its importance to researchers and readers always drive such decisions. The editor is guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editor may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.
Editors should evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors. Editors´ decision to accept or reject a paper for publication should be based only on the paper´s importance, originality and clarity, and the study´s relevance to the aim of journal.
Disclosure and conflicts of interest
Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor's own research without the express written consent of the author. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Editors should recuse themselves (i.e. should ask a co-editor, associate editor or other member of the editorial board instead to review and consider) from considering manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or (possibly) institutions connected to the papers. Editors should require all contributors to disclose relevant competing interests and publish corrections if competing interests are revealed after publication.
Editors and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher. Editors make ensure that material submitted remains confidential while under review.
Peer review process
All of a journal’s content should be subjected to peer-review. Articles submitted for possible publication are subjected to a double-blind, peer review process, which is consistent with the recommendations of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education in Poland. The reviewing process is described in details on the journal’s Web site in the section Reviewing.
At the first stage of reviewing process, articles are reviewed by editors. The editor may reject it out of hand either because it is not dealing with the subject matter for that journal or because it is manifestly of a low quality so that it cannot be considered at all.
At the second stage of reviewing process articles that are found suitable for review are sent to two independent reviewers, who are experts in the field of the paper. Referees of a paper are unknown to each other. Referees are asked to classify the paper as publishable immediately, publishable with amendments and improvements, or not publishable. Referees’ evaluations usually include an explicit recommendation of what to do with the manuscript. Referees’ comments are then seen by the author. Editors should not reverse decisions on publication unless serious problems are identified.
Finally, the article is evaluated by statistical editor and language editor.
The guidance for authors are published on the journal’s Web site in the section Information for Authors. The guidance for reviewers are published on the journal’s Web site in the section Reviewing. The editors also suggest the authors to get acquainted with the guidelines for reviwers.
Similarity check and anti-plagiarism policy
Editors are responsible for scaning all submitted papers in order to detect plagiarism. If plagiarism is detected, the paper is rejected from publication. The journal content is indexed in Similarity Check, the CrossRef initiative to prevent scholarly and professional plagiarism.
Procedures for dealing with unethical behavior
Editors should take reasonably responsive measures when ethical complaints have been presented concerning a submitted manuscript or published paper, in conjunction with the publisher. Such measures will generally include contacting the author of the manuscript or paper and giving due consideration of the respective complaint or claims made, but may also include further communications to the relevant institutions and research bodies, and if the complaint is upheld, the publication of a correction, retraction, expression of concern, or other note, as may be relevant. Every reported act of unethical publishing behavior must be looked into, even if it is discovered years after publication.
Editors are committed to uphold the integrity of the literature and publishes editorially significant correction dependent on the situation. In all cases, the original articles will be removed and replaced with a note stating the reason of retraction and with corrected version. If plagiarism is found, a whole article will be removed from the journal and replaced with a note indicating authors´ names and description of plagiarism. Authors and their institutions will be notified.
Starting with the year 2018 editors implement standards of CrossMark initiative. They are responsible for implementing guidelines for retracting or correcting articles when needed, described on the journal’s website.
Editors are responsible that the journal is published quarterly.
Name of journal
The Journal name Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy is unique and is not one that is easily confused with another journal or that might mislead potential authors and readers about the Journal’s origin or association with other journals
Editors make sure that a journal’s Web site, including the text that it contains, shall demonstrate that care has been taken to ensure high ethical and professional standards.
Editors in cooperation with the publisher will ensure digital preservation of access to the journal content. In the case of the event that a journal is no longer published the archive issues of the journal will be accessible at Economic Publishing Platform. Additionally, the issues published till the year 2014 will be accessible at the Digital Platform of Nicolaus Copernicus University. Finally, the whole content of the journal is digitalised in the Digital Repository of National Library of Poland.
Based on Polish publishing regulations on permanent and compulsory availability of all printed issues of scientific journals, all the printed issues of Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy are available in 15 most important libraries in Poland, which are pointed in the publishing regulations.
Duties and responsibilities of reviewers
Contribution to editorial decisions
Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions and through the editorial communications with the author may also assist the author in improving the paper. Peer review is an essential component of formal scholarly communication. Authors who wish to contribute to publications have an obligation to do a fair share of reviewing.
Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process.
Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.
Standards of objectivity
Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.
Independent, external reviewers, who are experts in the given academic field, are not affiliated with the Faculty of Economic Sciences and Management at Nicolaus Copernicus University and with the research center represented by the author.
Acknowledgement of sources
Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.
Disclosure and conflict of interest
Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in a reviewer´s own research without the written consent of the author. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.
Duties and responsibilities of authors
Authors of papers should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behaviour and are unacceptable. Review and professional publication articles should also be accurate and objective, and editorial „opinion‟ works should be clearly identified as such.
Data access and retention
Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data, if practicable, and should in any event be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.
Originality and plagiarism
The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately cited or quoted. Plagiarism takes many forms, from „passing off‟ another´s paper as the author´s own paper, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another´s paper (without attribution), to claiming results from research conducted by others. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.
Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication
An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. In general, an author should not submit for consideration in another journal a previously published paper.
Acknowledgement of sources
Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work. Information obtained privately, as in conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, must not be used or reported without explicit, written permission from the source. Information obtained in the course of confidential services, such as refereeing manuscripts or grant applications, must not be used without the explicit written permission of the author of the work involved in these services.
Authorship of the paper
Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.
Disclosure and conflicts of interest
All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed. Examples of potential conflicts of interest which should be disclosed include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. Potential conflicts of interest should be disclosed at the earliest stage possible. Readers should be informed about funding sources of the research and on the role of the funders in the research.
Fundamental errors in published works
When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author´s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper. If the editor or the publisher learns from a third party that a published work contains a significant error, it is the obligation of the author to promptly retract or correct the paper or provide evidence to the editor of the correctness of the original paper.
Open access and copyright policy
The journal offers access to the contents in the open access system on the principles of non-exclusive license Creative Commons (CC BY-ND 4.0). Thus, the authors are required to agree with that policy. In this regard authors will be asked to complete a submission card with a copyright transfer agreement that specifies detailed descriptions of the copyright transfer. The submission card is provided on the journal’s Web site in the section Information for authors/Download. In accordance with the Law of Poland on Protection of Personal Data in the case of rejection of the article all the submitted documents in electronic version will be deleted from the publication system, hardcopy documents will be removed from the publisher’s documentation and destroyed.
Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy is a self-funded journal. For this reason, the journal handles a publication fee. The current publication fee is provided on the journal’s Web site in the section Instruction for authors. Thus, the publication fee that is required for manuscript processing is clearly stated in a place before authors begin preparing their manuscript for submission.
In cases of alleged or proven scientific misconduct, fraudulent publication or plagiarism the publisher, in close collaboration with the editors, will take all appropriate measures to clarify the situation and to amend the article in question. This includes the prompt publication of an erratum or, in the most severe cases, the complete retraction of the affected work.
Protection of personal Data (GDPR)
According to Art. 13, paragraph 1 and paragraph 2 of the Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (GDPR) (OJ L 119, 4.5.2016) the journal's editorial office informs that:
- The administrator of authors’/reviewers' personal data is the editorial office of the journal Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy, headquarters: Katedra Ekonomii, Wydział Nauk Ekonomicznych i Zarządzania, Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu, ul. Gagarina 13a, 87-100 Toruń, Poland.
- Authors’/reviewers' personal data are processed for the purpose of executing the process of publishing/reviewing the work of which one is the author/co-author/reviewer, i.e. where one has acted as an author/reviewer, making the data available to other subjects involved in the publishing process and to abstracting and indexing services, published on the journal’s website as the original source of these data in line with Art. 6, paragraph 1, point 1a of GDPR.
- The recipients of authors’/reviewers' personal data will be: readers of the journal, users of the Economic Publishing Platform, other subjects connected with the publishing process, users of the abstracting and indexing services, published on the journal’s website as the original source of these data.
- Authors’/reviewers' personal data will be stored for the period of active life of the Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy editorial office and subsequent five years.
- Authors/reviewers have the right to access your data as well as the right to rectification, erasure, termination of processing, transfer of data, raise an objection, withdraw the consent at any time, without affecting the lawfulness of processing before its withdrawal.
- Authors/reviewers have the right to lodge a complaint to the Office for Personal Data Protection whenever you conclude that the processing of your data constitutes an infringement of provisions of the GDPR of 27 April 2016.
- Providing personal data is a condition for having the submitted article of which one is an author/co-author or a reviewer published. Authors are obliged to provide the requested personal data, and a consequence of refraining from this obligation will be the refusal of publishing your article or accepting your review by the editorial board of the journal Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy.